Why doesn't China adopt the "bicameral system"?

    2023-03-09 by China Daily

    A bicameral system of government is a legislative body with two chambers.

    There are many reasons why the National People's Congress (NPC) does not adopt a bicameral system.



    China's territorial area is almost the same size of the entire European continent and its population is 4.3 times that of the United States, inhabiting 56 ethnic groups altogether.

    To run a country of this size, it needs a unified leadership of the central government while arousing the enthusiasm of the local government.

    To solve this problem, China's state institutions practice the principle of democratic centralism. Under this system, democracy and concentration are unified.

    The National People’s Congress and the local people’s congresses are created through democratic election and are responsible to the people and subject to their oversight.

    All administrative, supervisory, adjudicatory, and procuratorial organs of the state are created by the people's congresses and shall be responsible to them and subject to their oversight.

    At the same time, these organs exercise their functions and powers independently.

    This not only ensures the unity of state power but also avoids unnecessary involvement, ensuring that all work can be carried out in an effective way.

    China has long-term experience of super-scale institutional practice and a tradition of unified politics dating back to ancient times, so it is particularly vigilant against vicious party competition that can "argue for the sake of arguing".

    China's principles are to be efficient, effective, and, eventually, realize the interests of the people.

    It is quite a challenge to fully express the will and realize the aspirations of more than 1.4 billion people.

    For China, strong and unified leadership is the answer.