2022-08-31 by Sichuan International Communication Center





    It's time for Sichuan takins to swarm down the mountain in Tangjiahe Area of Guangyuan Branch of the Giant Panda National Park.


    On August 28, a dozen of Sichuan takins was captured by a camera on the grassy slope of Caijiaba in the National Park, which means that Sichuan takins in Tianjiahe have started migrating from high altitude to low altitude areas. Visitors in the National Park can encounter national wildlife under the first-class protection on footpath, in the jungle and along the road...


    The Sichuan takins in the video is a family group including 1 adult male with golden yellow hair on its neck and dark brown hair on the back; 5 calves less than 6 months old with dark brown body hair born in the last calving season; 1 or 2 subadults aged 2-4 years with individual grayish white hair and straight horns, and 2 or 3 adult females with individual grayish white hair.


    Sichuan takins have a unique nursery behavior. The females gather their babies, including the newborns or subadults born last year, together to be cared for by 1 or 2 adult Sichuan takins. It helps to reduce the energy expenditure of other individuals in the group.


    Sichuan takins are national wildlife under the first-class protection and a threatened species on the IUCN Red List. They're also a specialty of the Himalayan-Hengduan Mountains. Sichuan takins in the National Park belong to the Sichuan subspecies, and are the largest wild herbivores in Tangjiahe Area. Tangjiahe is recognized as the hotspot with the highest encounter rate of Sichuan takins in China, even around the world, and about 1,300 Sichuan takins thrive here.


    Sichuan takins, like most mountain animals, have a habit of migrating with the seasons. In July and August each year, they climb to high mountain areas at the altitude of over 3,000 meters for rutting and courtship. This is also the time when mosquitoes such as gadflies are most rampant at lower altitude areas.


    However, there are also some Sichuan takins that stubbornly stay in one altitude zone without vertical migration, so they can be found in mountainous areas from 900 meters to 3500 meters above sea level in different seasons. When plants are sprouting at lower altitude areas and when the high-altitude frosts come in September, Sichuan takins mainly choose to move to the low altitude areas.


    Sichuan takins eat a lot and omnivorously, preferring leaves, shoots and bamboo leaves of various plants. In winter and spring when food is scarce, Sichuan takins also scrape the bark of trees with their teeth.Studies suggest that the salt-licking habit of Sichuan takins is very significant and seasonal.